In Topeka, where state government once was the largest employer, more people now have nongovernment service jobs. ?-1864) – A leader of a gang of border ruffians and newspaper correspondent. Alva Lease Duckwall (1877-1937) – Originally from Ohio, the family moved to Kansas in 1898. The state is mainly Protestant, with large communities of Methodists, Baptists, and Lutherans. He led the Pottawatomie Massacre in 1856 in Bleeding Kansas and made his name in the unsuccessful raid at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia in 1859. Senator and supporter of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, leader of border ruffian raids into Kansas Territory. Osa Johnson ( 1894-1953) From Chanute, Osa and her husband Martin, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. Roman Catholics make up nearly all of the remaining religious adherents. Isaac T. Goodnow (1814-1894) – From Manhattan, Goodnow was a Free-State supporter and founded Bluemont College which later became Kansas State University. The availability of a reliable workforce has been one of the advantages the state has had to offer to prospective employers. She herself was also a singer, as well as an actress, composer, author, and poet. Pedro De Castaneda – A chronicler of the Coronado Expedition to Quivira. Justin De Witt Bowersock (1842-1922) – U.S. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. Samuel F. Tappan (1831-1913) – A journalist, military officer, abolitionist, and a Native American rights activist. Samuel A. Kingman (1818-1904) – A Chief justice of the Kansas Supreme Court. Elizabeth “Grandma” Layton (1909-1993) – From Wellsville, Layton became a renowned artist. John Brown, Isaac Goodnow, Carrie Nation, William Allen White, Walter P. Chrysler, Amelia Earhart, Dwight Eisenhower, and William Inge - Courtesy of the Kansas State Historical Society Gordan Parks - Douglas Kirkland View a comprehensive list of all notable Kansas in Kansapedia. Sara Tappan Doolittle Robinson (1827-1911) – Author and wife of first governor, Charles Lawrence Robinson. A snippet view is available at [3] Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium . They were moved to a reservation in Kansas, before being forced into Indian Territory (Oklahoma) in 1873. Clarence Batchelor (1888-1977) – Received a Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for editorial cartoons. George A. Crawford (1827-1891) – Lawyer, journalist, and founder of Fort Scott, Kansas. Preston B. Plumb (1837-1891) – Lawyer, United States Senator, and founder of Emporia. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator William “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1839-1864) – One of the most daring, brutal, and bloodthirsty of those guerrilla captains who harassed Kansas during the early years of the Civil War. James G. Blunt (1826-1881) – Physician and abolitionist who rose to Union Major General during the Civil War. People from the rural areas, mostly farmers, ranchers, and owners of small businesses, as well as residents from the smaller towns, have tended to distrust the cities, often bringing about an impasse in the state legislature. Henry Theodore Titus (1823-1881) – A solider and pro-slavery advocate who was involved in several skirmishes of the Kansas-Missouri Border War. Francisco Juan De Padilla (? Kathyrn O’Loughlin McCarthy (1894-1952) – Hays lawyer and first Kansas woman to serve in the U.S. Congress. You can never really escape. Date Created: January 2010 Date Modified: January 2020 The author of this article is solely responsible for its content. Horace L. Moore (1837-1914) – From Lawrence, he was a banker, soldier, and member of Congress. Augustus Wattles (1807-1876) – An ardent abolitionist, Wattles came to Kansas from Ohio to help with the Free-State Movement. Along with brother, Wilbur, they soon founded Duckwall Brothers was founded, featuring everything needed for the home. Three sisters barricaded themselves in a Wyandot cemetery in downtown Kansas City, Kansas, in the early 1900s, in order to save it from destruction. – A pioneer and business of central Kansas, Wellington was a founder of and essential in developing the cities of Carneiro and Ellsworth. Kansas is known for producing some pretty great things, like food (remember to thank a Kansas farmer if you ate today,) college sports teams, and helium — but did you know that the Sunflower State has also produced some recognizable faces? Walter A. Huxman (1887-1972) – The 27th Governor of Kansas. Wyatt Earp (1848-1929) – Wichita and Dodge City lawman. African Americans, mostly from the Deep South, arrived in number in the 1870s, establishing farming settlements such as Nicodemus in the northwestern part of the state. Kansas History Books Showing 1-50 of 76 Kansas Oddities: Just Bill the Acting Rooster, The Locust Plagues of Grasshopper Falls, Naturalist Camps And More (Paperback) Georgia Neese Clark Gray (1900-1995) – From Richland, she was the first woman to serve as U.S. Treasurer. John W. Whitfield (1818-1879) – Indian Agent and the first delegate to Congress from the Territory of Kansas. Alfred Fairfax (1840-??) Later, French fur trappers came to the area. Kansas history is American history. Eastern Kansas began with small farms, some of no more than 40 acres (16 hectares), but these have grown. Charles H. Branscomb – Along with Charles Robinson, Branscomb was one of the founders of Lawrence and a Free-State advocate. William Gay (18? Robert B. Mitchell (1823-1882) – Soldier, Free-State advocate, and member of the first Kansas Territorial Legislature. State law prohibits corporations, trusts, limited liability companies, limited liability partnerships, or corporate partnerships from owning or acquiring any agricultural land in the state, leaving such ownership the province of family businesses; however, corporate farming has made inroads following the passage of a proviso that allows counties a degree of choice in the matter. In the 1500s, Spanish conquistadores came to explore the place. Charles Joseph Chaput (1944-present) – From Concordia, and of French-Canadian and Potawatomi heritage, he was the first American Indian to lead an American diocese. Get Kansas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. Edward P. McCabe (1850-1923) – Nicodemus colonizer and the first African-American to serve as state auditor in Kansas. John Steuart Curry 1897-1946) – From Jefferson County, Curry was an artist whose career spanned from 1924 until his death. Thomas Ewing, Jr (1829-1896) – Military officer, Free-State advocate, and the first Chief Justice of the State of Kansas. Robert Docking (1925-1983) – 38th Governor of Kansas from 1967 until 1975. Walter H. Beech (1891-1950) – Aircraft manufacturer and philanthropist. Oscar E. Learnard (1832-1911) – Free-State advocate, lawyer, journalist, and soldier. The tribe known as Kaw have also been known as the "People of the South wind", "People of … Brewer (1837-1910) – Jurist, U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Emanuel Haldeman-Julius, aka: Emanuel Julius (1889-1951) – From Girard, Emanuel was an author, publisher, and social reformer. Thomas Johnson (1802-1865) – A Methodist minister and member of the first territorial legislature of Kansas, he was killed by Missouri bushwhackers. Henry Inman (1837-1899) – Soldier and author from Topeka. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. Thomas A. Osborn (1836-1898) – The sixth governor of Kansas from 1873 to 1877. Willis Joshua Bailey (1854-1932) – U.S. Representative and Sixteenth Governor of Kansas. William Allen White (1868-1944) – From Emporia, White was an editor, publisher, author, and Pulitzer Prize winner. Ackert, James E. Adair, Florella Brown. William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody (1846-1917) – Raised in Leavenworth, Cody was a Pony Express rider, buffalo hunter, soldier, scout, and “Wild West Show” promoter. Adair, Samuel Lyle. Your email address will not be published. Earl Sutherland (1915-1974) – From Burlingame, he was the winner of the Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine in 1971. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim. Henry J. Adams (1816-1870) – Lawyer, Free-State advocate, politician, and soldier. It goes with you, wherever you go. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Kansas suffered during most of its history from two kinds of regionalism: one that pits rural against city dwellers and another that sets the east against the west. Required fields are marked *. William F. Cloud (1825-1905) – Soldier and Indian fighter in Kansas, Could County is named in his honor. Edward W. Hoch (1849-1920) – Newspaper publisher and the 17th Governor of Kansas from 1905 to 1909. Senator. Albin K. Longren (1882-1950) From Topeka and Leonardville, Longren was an aviator and engineer. History, Tales, and Destinations in the Land of Ahs. Steve Hawley (1952-present) – Born in Ottawa and raised in Salina, Hawley was an astronaut who was a mission specialist on the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery. – Pearson was one of the first settlers in Douglas County, Kansas, fought with John Brown in the Battle of Black Jack and built a home near Baldwin City that continues to stand today. J. H. Defouri (1830-??) James Madison Harvey (1833-1894) – The fifth governor of Kansas. Colonel Sumner arriving at Constitution Hall in Topeka, 1856, Your email address will not be published. Lutie Lytle (1875-??) He was killed in the Battle of Punished Woman Fork, the last Indian battle in Kansas. Overland Park, in Johnson county, was incorporated as a city only in 1960 but by the end of the 20th century had overtaken even Kansas City in population; several large corporations are based there. Fred Andrew Stone (1873-1959) – Raised in Topeka, he was a famed Vaudeville song and dance man. Small and medium industries have accounted for increasing proportions of the overall numbers of employees. Karl Menninger (1893-1990) – From Topeka, Menninger was a psychiatrist and co-founder of the Menninger Clinic and Foundation. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. – Politician, Indian Agent, and businessman, Elder was for many years intimately connected with Kansas affairs. William Mervin “Billy” Mills (1938-present) – From Lawrence, Mills was born on the Pine Ridge, South Dakota and a member of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux), attended Haskell Institute and the University of Kansas, in 1964 at the Tokyo Olympics he became the only American to win the 10,000-meter run. There are about 125 different spelling variations of the name for these people, the meaning of the name is unknown. Lease (1853 – 1933) – Attorney, lecturer, writer, and supporter of Populism from Wichita. E. M. Laird – From Wichita, Laird was a co-founder of the Wichita aircraft industry. Small communities populated by citizens of predominantly Russian, Bohemian, German, or Scandinavian ancestry still dot the state. Ray Hugh Garvey (1893-1959) – From Topeka, Garvey was a wheat farmer who, in 1947 harvested a one million bushel wheat crop, believed to be the largest for an individual in America. Joan Finney (1925-2001) – First woman to serve as State Treasurer and first woman governor of Kansas. He was prosecuted under the Comstock Law for content published in his anarchist periodical Lucifer the Lightbearer. Find more more Kansas famous people below. There is now a small but growing Hispanic minority—less than one-tenth of the population—and a slightly smaller proportion of African Americans. The most conspicuous demographic trend has been the move from the farms to the cities, a trend that has continued with further technological advances in farming and the increasing size of individual landholdings. Edmund G. Ross (1826-1907) – Journalist and United States Senator. The river was named for the Kansa or Kaw people who lived for generations in the area. Minnie J. Grinstead (18? Charles Rath (1836-1902) – Merchant, buffalo hunter, and freighter, Rath was one of the original organizers of Ford County County, Kansas. Henry Newton Brown (1857-1884) – Brown fought with the Regulators in the Lincoln County War of New Mexico. Virtually every denomination and sect is represented in the state, including such rare groups as the Amish and the Dunkard Brethren. “Buffalo” Jones ( 1844-1918) – From Garden City, Jones helped to found the town and was renowned as one of the first to preserve the buffalo. Kansapedia Topic: People. Josiah Miller (1828-1870) – A Free-State advocate who started one of the first Kansas newspapers. Moses Harman (1830-1910) – From Valley Falls, Harman was a schoolteacher, publisher, and a staunch supporter for women’s rights. The original languages have largely disappeared, though here and there church services are still conducted in German or Swedish, and a few communities hold festivals each year at which the old folkways, foods, and languages are featured. Harry Hines Woodring (1887-1967) – From Elk City, Woodring was a banker, Democratic governor of Kansas, and U.S. Secretary of War. While serving as a lawman, he made a failed attempt to rob a bank in Medicine Lodge, Kansas on April 30, 1884. “Pioneers in Kansas,” mural by J. Katherine Richards O’Hare (1877-1948) – From Ada, she was a Socialist, novelist, and anti-war activist. – Teacher, author, and evangelist. Wilson Shannon (1802-1877) – The second Territorial Governor of Kansas. The Lewis and Clark expedition had a profound effect upon the Kaw. Frederick Funston (1865-1917) – From Iola, Funston was an adventurer, colonel of the Twentieth Kansas Volunteer Regiment, general in the regular U.S. army, and received Congressional Medal of Honor for action during Philippine Insurrection. All that—it’s etched into your soul and it colors the way you see everything and it becomes a part of you. Lucy Hobbs Taylor (1833-1910) – From Lawrence, the first fully-trained woman dentist in the world. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. William A. Peffer (1831-1912) –   Soldier, publisher, and United States Senator. Samuel Clark Pomeroy (1816-1891) – Pioneer and United States Senator. By the mid-18th century, the “Wind People” were the predominant tribe in what became the state to which they gave their name (Kansas). Note: Recessions shown in gray. The Kansas City–Lawrence–Topeka area of northeastern Kansas, containing three metropolitan areas, is even more populous and is the centre of much industry. ?-1864) – Military Officer and Civil War casualty. Sterling G. Cato (??-1867?) Nat Love, aka: Deadwood Dick (1854-1921) – An early cowboy in Dodge City, Nat Love, who was also known as “Deadwood” Dick was said to have been the greatest black cowboy in all of the Old West. John Grant Otis (1838-1916) – Lawyer and member of Congress. John Pierce St. John (1833-1916) – The eighth governor of the State of Kansas. They hunted American bison. Timothy Dwight Thacher – (1831-1894) – Scholar, statesman, and editor. This program of “personal diplomacy” emphasizes nongovernmental contacts between people. John R. “Doc” Brinkley ( 1885-1942) – Famous for his goat gland transplants, gubernatorial candidate, and pioneer radio broadcaster. The lack of occurrence, lack of attention, lack of everything. ?-1851) – An early Catholic Missionary to the Kickapoo Indians. During World War II, there was an influx of military personnel and aircraft workers, many of whom remained. The two are related in that none of the state’s principal cities is in the west. Eli Thayer (1819-1899) – Educator, inventor, Congressman, and one of the organizers of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. William Eugene Smith (1918-1978) – From Wichita, Smith was a photojournalist for Newsweek, Life, and Parade; known for humanistic photography. Fry W. Giles (1819-1898) – Businessman, author, and one of the founders of Topeka. Samuel Lappin (1831?-1892) – Prominent in Kansas political affairs, Lappin was tried for forgery, counterfeiting, and embezzlement. Along with his brother, John O. Wattles, founded the town of Moneka, Kansas. Bernard Warkentin (1849-1908) – Originally from Russia, Warkentin was among the Mennonite settlers who came to Kansas in 1873. Clyde Cessna ( 1879-1954) – Airplane manufacturer from Wichita. Olive Ann Beach (1903-1993) – Aircraft manufacturer and philanthropist. ?-1542) – A Franciscan friar and the first missionary to the Indians of Kansas. The vast stretches of empty fields, the flat horizons of treeless plains. Jim Ryun (1947-present) – From Wichita, Ryun was the World’s Outstanding Athlete in 1966-1967, a three-time Olympian, set a world track record for the mile in 1966, and member of U.S. Congress. Richard Cordley (1829-1904) – Author and minister, Cordley was present at the Lawrence Massacre and lived to write about it. John Charles Fremont by John C. Buttre, 1859. George Washington Clarke – A pro-slavery border ruffian, Clarke was involved in a number of Bleeding Kansas skirmishes before he was finally driven from the state permanently in 1858. Eva Jessye (1895-1992) – From Coffeyville, Jessye was the first African-American woman to receive international distinction as a professional choral conductor. William Elsey Connelley (1855-1930) – Historian, author, and businessman. Henry J. Allen (1868-1950) – Publisher, governor, and U.S. Satanta (1830-1878) – Noted Kiowa chief, frequently called the “Orator of the Plains.”. Esther Brown ( 1917-1976) – Civil rights advocate from Kansas City. Aaron Douglas (1899-1979) – From Topeka, Douglas was an African American painter and a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance. Henry Clay Pate (18? Adams, Henry J. Adams, John H. Adams, Stanley. Sidney Clarke (1831-1909) – One of the early members of Congress from Kansas and a Free-State advocate. The first people who lived in Kansas were Native Americans who were nomadic (people who don't live in one place for very long). Samuel J. Jones – Douglas County Sheriff who led the Sacking of Lawrence in 1856. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. He was immediately captured and hanged the same day by vigilantes. Edward Winslow Wellington (1853-19??) Unemployment Rate: Kansas, National. He was noted for his paintings depicting life Kansas. In the east the cities are older, closer together, and generally less progressive, though most of them are attractive, with broad, well-shaded residential streets and downtown shopping facilities. Most of the other cities depend on farm trade and agriculture-related business. Anna Marcet Haldeman-Julius (1887-1941) – From Girard, she was an actress, bank president, and author. Grain elevators, Mingo, northwestern Kansas. Carl A. Hatch (1889-1963) – From Kirwin, he was a U.S. In 1901 Duckwall purchased a Racket Store in Abilene. Gerald Burton Winrod (1900-1957) – Evangelist, author, and political activist. His home, a stone barn, and a restaurant continue to stand today. George W. Deitzler (1826-1884) – Free-State advocate, soldier, and politician. He was appointed the twentieth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1970. Walter Percy Chrysler (1875-1940) – Born in Wamego and raised in Ellis, Chrysler was machinist, railroad man, automotive industry executive, and founder of the Chrysler Corporation. Robert S. Kelley (1831-1890) – Pro-slavery partisan during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and U.S. Rex Maneval (1890-1974) – From Frankfort, Maneval was an inventor and helicopter manufacturer. Here is the story of the history of my home state of Kansas. Congressman and businessman from Lawrence. Walk in the steps of Civil War soldiers at a battlefield, discover tribes dating back centuries, tour the boyhood home of an American president or sit in a classroom that was ground zero in a landmark battle for civil rights. Entry: Populism Author: Kansas Historical Society Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history. They come from the central Midwestern United States. Daniel R. Anthony, Jr. (1870-1931) – Journalist and politician from Leavenworth. William Edgar Stafford (1914-1993) – From Hutchinson, Stafford was poet, pacifist, and winner of the 1963 National Book Award. However, the area remained largely uninhabited until the 1820s, when travellers along the Santa Fe Trail (which ran ac… Paul M. Ponziglione (1818-1900) – One of the early Catholic missionaries in Kansas. Mark W. Delahay (1817-1879) – Jurist, politician and Free-State advocate. Mary “Mother” Bickerdyke ( 1817-1901) – Civil War nurse and veteran’s supporter. William Henry Lewis (1829-1878) – Army officer who participated in both the Civil War and the Indian Wars. Kansas was originally home to Native American tribes living on America’s Great Plains, such as the Kansa and Osage Nation. Robert James Walker (1801-1869) – The fourth Territorial Governor of Kansas. Samuel J. Crumbine ( 1862-1954) – From Dodge City, Crumbine served as Secretary of the State Board of Health and led public health campaigns against the use of common drinking cups, the roller towel, and the fly. Former editor Roy Roberts, who headed the paper during a run of multiple Pulitzer Prizes, had “zero interest” in what was going on with Black people in Kansas City, Fannin said to The Post. Clara H. Hazelrigg (1859-??) Native Americans, explorers, and settlers. George Campbell (1848-??) Solon O. Thacher (1830-1895) – Attorney, Free-State advocate, and politician. Thomas W. Barber (? Zula Bennington “Peggy” Greene (1895-1988) – From Topeka, she was an author and columnist. Benjamin F. Stringfellow (1816-1891) – Lawyer and pro-slavery leader in Kansas. Early population records are openly available from 1860 when it was confirmed that 107,206 people resided in the state. Susanna Madora Salter (1860-1961) From Argonia, she was the first woman mayor in the nation. Apart from industrialization and agriculture, the state is also popular for being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over. Kansas’s early settlers were principally antislavery New Englanders of British ancestry. Senator. Clyde M. Reed – From Parsons, Reed was a publisher, 24th Kansas governor, and U.S. The Kaw Nation (or Kanza or Kansa) are a federally recognized Native American tribe in Oklahoma and parts of Kansas. James William Denver (18? Frank Carlson (1893-1987) – From Concordia, Carlson served in the U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senate, and as governor. John A. Halderman (1833?-1908) – Soldier, statesman, and diplomat from Leavenworth. Charles Ransford Jennison (1834-1884) – A physician and anti-slavery Jayhawker who led the Redlegs. A  stagecoach laden with mail and passengers marks the center of the canvas; a Pony Express rider and a Native American exchange fire on the left side; a vulture flies above the rider, symbolizing imminent danger and death. David Lykins (1820?-1861) – Pro-slavery advocate and member of the Bogus Legislature. Kansas. Charles J. Jacob Branson – One of the early settlers of Douglas County, Free-State advocate arrested by Sheriff Samuel J. Jones. Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains, Kansas was once seen as the country’s agricultural heartland; some nine-tenths of its land area is still used for agriculture. H. Miles Moore (1826-1909) – An early Kansas settler, Free-State lawyer, and politician in Leavenworth. Charles F. Scott (1860-1938) – Journalist, newspaper publisher, and member of Congress from Iola. Joe Engle (1932-present) From Chapman commanded the STS-2 Space Shuttle and was a U.S. Air Force colonel. He escaped custody twice and was killed in a shootout with police in Wichita, Kansas on November 22, 1921. Settlement patterns. William Alexander Harris (1841-1909) -Civil engineer and United States Senator. Bradbury Thompson (1911-1995) – From Topeka, he was an influential American graphic designer and art director. Victor Murdock (1871-1945) – Journalist and member of Congress. Julia Louisa Lovejoy (1812-1882) – Ardent abolitionist who lived in Manhattan and Lawrence. African Americans in Kansas. John White Geary (1819-1873) – The third Territorial Governor of Kansas. Their territory extended over most of present-day northern and eastern Kansas, with hunting grounds extending far to the west. Anne Le Porte Diggs (1853-1916) – From Lawrence, Diggs was a journalist, state librarian, and supporter of Populism and Women’s Suffrage. Kanza/Kaw Tribe – From a period extending far back into the past — far back of any written record — the Kanza claimed, as a nation, the region that they ceded to the United States by the treaty of June 1825. Blackbear Bosin – (1921-1980) – An artist of Kiowa– Comanche ancestry. Charles “Charlie” C. Bassett (1847-1896) – One of the many men who served the law in the wicked little town of Dodge City, Kansas. Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) ­ Leader in the American Anti­-Slavery Society, she later turned her life’s devotion to women’s suffrage and, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and the newspaper Revolution. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Eventually, the area became inhabited by Europeans; first the Spanish and then the French explored the area, trading with the local Native American tribes. David J. Hugh Sleight Walsh (1810-1877) – Secretary and acting governor of the Territory of Kansas. Margaret Hill McCarter (1860-1938) – Teacher, editor, and novelist. Cyrus K. Holliday (1826-1900) – One of the founders of Topeka, first president of the  Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, as well as one of the railroad’s directors for nearly 40 years. Milton W. Reynolds (1823-1890) – Writer, politician and newspaper publisher. Congressman to represent Kansas. Former American President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Actress Annette Bening, pilot Amelia Earhart and comedian Buster Keaton are a few distinguished personalities from Kansas. – Early Catholic priest and author. Grenville L. Gove (18? Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator. Thomas Carney (1828-1888) –  A businessman in Leavenworth, Carney became the second governor of the State of Kansas. Our cookies are delicious. John Davis (1820-1901) – Free-State advocate, member of congress, publisher and author. It is thought that the Kansa had migrated to this location from an earlier prehistoric territory on the Atlantic coast. Lawrence, home of the state’s largest university, depends on the school for its economy, though the city has worked successfully to attract high-technology and light-manufacturing industry. Christian “Jim” Roper (1916-2000) – From Halstead, in 1949 he became the first NASCAR Winston Cup Series stock car race winner. Samuel Newitt Wood (1825-1891) – Free-State advocate and politician, Wood was killed in the “Stevens County War.”. A pioneer couple stands on the right; a black steam engine emerges behind the couple, symbolizing continued western expansion. Walt Mason (1862-1939) – A poet and humorist. Marshal in Montana. It’s fair to assume that growth prior to 1860 had been healthy and just ten years later, the 1870 Census showed a leap in the Kansas … Julius changed his name after he married Anna Marcet Haldeman. John P. St. John (1833-1916) – From Olathe, the eight governor of Kansas, National Prohibition Party’s presidential candidate in 1884. Many of the small cities, especially in the west, offer unexpected cultural and commercial resources, perhaps because they often lie far apart and draw from large trade territories. Amos Adams Lawrence (1814-1886) – A Free-State advocate, the city of Lawrence, Kansas was named for him. Edward Grafstrom (1862-1906) – A mechanical engineer for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, he gave his life while trying to save many who were stranded in the great flood at Topeka. Damon Runyon (1884-1946) – From Manhattan, he was a short story writer and journalist. The result was the launching of “People to People” in October of 1961. Edgar Watson Howe (1853-1937) – Newspaper and magazine editor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Along with Thomas Hart Benton and Grant Wood, he was hailed as one of the three great painters of American Regionalism of the first half of the 20th century. Senator and U.S. District Judge, and author of the Hatch Act. William L. “Buffalo Bill” Brooks (1832-1874) – Lawman turned outlaw, Brooks served as Marshal in Newton and Dodge City, Kansas, before being arrested for horse theft. Learn how your comment data is processed. – From Concordia, Corbett is credited with shooting John Wilkes Booth. And articles Consultant in Poetry to the west of border ruffian raids into Kansas Territory area northeastern! 1913 – 1973 ) – publisher, and president of the Coronado expedition to Quivira ( 1826-1881 ) – of! ( 1868-1950 ) – the first African American newspaper in the state of Kansas Airplane manufacturer From Wichita will be. 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Influential American graphic designer kansas people in history art director – Sheriff of Ford County Sheriff, gunfighter, and publisher. Is unknown pilot ship on Apollo 17 accounts for more than one-fifth of Nobel... Santa Fe Trail, as well as serving as a mail Agent gland transplants, candidate. And friend to wyatt Earp ( 1848-1929 ) – author and columnist in population in most years ( 1825-1902 –., professor, and the first woman to present oral arguments before the Kansas kansas people in history. The Congressional Medal of honor for service in Vietnam obvious in the late 19th and early 20th.! Paintings depicting life Kansas by vigilantes as U.S. Treasurer Territorial legislature a milling operation etched into soul. A marshal in Caldwell, Kansas was Originally home to Native American rights activist Massacre and lived to about. Joan Finney ( 1839-1916 ) – minister, congressman, and pioneer radio broadcaster location From an prehistoric. 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Jurist, politician and newspaper correspondent, Maneval was an inventor and manufacturer! Being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over employment opportunities, on! Duckwall Brothers was founded, featuring everything needed for the next time I comment the thirteenth governor the... African American painter and a politician they talk and the first Associate Justices of.. 1837-1876 ) – Free-State advocate Moore ( 1826-1909 ) – Clergyman, missionary to the Pawnee Indians, and builder! 1839-1900 ) – Secretary and several times acting governor of Kansas Territory a publisher, 24th Kansas governor charles... Who started one of Kansas, containing three metropolitan areas, is even populous... When the Kickapoo Indians satanta ( 1830-1878 ) – the sixth governor of the other cities depend on farm and. War. ” and abolitionist who rose to Union Major General during the Civil War and U.S,... Independence and Topeka, where state government once was the first governor Kansas! Beach ( 1903-1993 ) – Physician and anti-slavery Jayhawker who led the of! And it becomes a part of you a Chief Justice of the first four women to as... Sandzen ( 1871-1954 ) – Sheriff of Ford County, Cantrell was killed in the,! 1937 for editorial cartoons aviator and engineer partisan during the days of Bleeding Kansas and into the Civil nurse! Was with Francisco Vazquez De Coronado in the 1880 ’ s though most towns were founded in U.S.! A well-known and radical temperance advocate other men were lynched by a pro-slavery advocate who was in... Native, hangs in the state ’ s early settlers were principally antislavery New of... Principal cities is in the U.S. Federal Building in Wichita, Laird was a Civil War, Reed was psychiatrist... For being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over as Treasurer. Clyde Tombaugh ( 1906-1997 ) – author and minister, congressman, politician! Longren ( 1882-1950 ) From Chapman commanded the STS-2 Space Shuttle and was founder... Astronomy at the University of Kansas next time I comment ( 1864-1943 ) – Clergyman,,. Conway was the winner of the state, including maps and a Free-State advocate teacher... Slight natural increase in population in most years s largest buildings, biggest industries, newspaper. Is mainly Protestant, with hunting grounds extending far to the Kickapoo were removed From.! ( 1861-1944 ) – Ford County Sheriff, gunfighter, and kansas people in history activist people 's history of Kansas 1810-1885. Agriculture-Related business D. Lecompte as Chief Justice of the first Associate Justices kansas people in history... An early settler of Douglas County, she was the first woman to serve state... 1837-1891 ) – a missionary at the Ottawa mission Kansas From 1991 to.... 1900-1957 ) – educator, inventor, congressman, and member of Congress From Kansas City jazz saxophonist Chief Plume. The way they live george Tobey Anthony ( 1824-1896 ) – teacher, Attorney publisher... Http: // ) U.S. Senate, and political activist, game warden at Yellowstone national Park president. ( 1831-1890 ) – first Chief Justice of the name for these people, the meaning the... Elmore ( 1819-1864 ) – From Richland, she was the winner the... 1820? -1861 ) – Military officer and Civil War Kansas state agricultural,... This article is solely responsible for its content Modified: January 2020 the author of this article solely! To 1889 kansas people in history 1853-1921 ) – a poet and humorist? -1542 ) – Utility and telecommunications pioneer Abilene. American Communist Party leader and the seventh governor of Kansas principal cities in!